Социальные риски депрессии в Европе и России: значение демографии, образования и социального капитала
English title: Social risks of depression in Europe and Russia: The role of demographics, education and social capital
Author(s): Nina Rusinova - Viacheslav Safronov -
Type: Journal article
The article is devoted to a problem of social inequalities in mental health in the European countries. The data of the European Social Survey 2012 for 27 countries and statistics on the level of economic development, government expenditure on health, control of corruption in these countries integrated into an index of social development were analyzed by statistical methods of two-level linear modeling. Mental health was measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies (National Institute of Mental Health, USA) Depression Scale (CES-D, 8-item scale). Social differences of depressive symptomatology were analyzed taking into account gender, age, education and social capital (interaction and support in the person’s inner circle and interpersonal trust in wider community). Results of modeling show that risks of a depression are much higher in the countries with rather low level of social development (many former communistic states and mediterranean regimes), than in the most developed northern social democracies. In any part of Europe there are distinct social differences in probability of depressive symptoms’ development – it a little higher for women, than men, and considerably raises with age and with decrease in education level. However age and education inequalities are not identical in all societies – they gradually smooth out with increase in the economic well-being of a country and government social expenditure. The social capital – networks of interactions with friends, relatives, work colleagues and their support - is the major variable explaining differences in mental health. Such interactions and support are especially important for vulnerable segments of the population (elderly and poorly educated people) in less developed countries, however this type of social capital appears in deficiency in these strata. Social trust also plays an important role, reducing risks of a depression, and such influence is a little more expressed in the countries with the high level of social development. Mental health in Russia is characterized by the increased risks of a depression, distinctly expressed social inequalities and a lack of resources of social support in vulnerable strata.
From page no: 82
To page no: 106
Journal: Социологический журнал