English title: Work and Family Orientations among Natives and Migrants: Deep Cultural Orientations or Flexible Adaption
Author(s): Karen, N. Breidahl - Christian, A. Larsen -
Type: Report, working paper
Whether women should be oriented towards the family or towards the labour market is one of the crucial questions individuals, families and societies face. Previous cross-national data indicate large cross-national variations even within the European countries. In some societies, especially in Southern Europe, women are oriented towards the family and undertake most of the domestic duties. In other societies, especially in the Nordic countries, women are oriented toward the labour market and many previously domestic duties are undertaken by the state. The article discusses whether these work-family orientations reflect deep cultural values about good child- and motherhood or flexible adaptions to current contexts. The former line of reasoning suggests that e.g. southern European family orientations and Nordic work orientations are embedded in stable cultural values, which are unlikely to change. The latter suggests that work-family orientations are flexible adaptions that change easily over time. The article investigates these two prepositions by analyzing to what extent and at what pace the work-family orientations of migrants adapts to new national contexts. The findings, based on European Social Survey, support the thesis of flexible adaption.
Institution: Aalborg University
Number of pages: 19