English title: Openness as a Predictor of Political Orientation and Conventional and Unconventional Political Activism in Western and Eastern Europe

Author(s): Arne Roets - Ilse Cornelis - Alain Van Hiel -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2014

Abstract

The present study provides a comprehensive investigation of the relationship between Openness and political orientation and activism in Europe. Analyses were conducted on the four waves of the European Social Survey, including large representative samples in up to 26 European countries (total N > 175,000). In line with previous studies, a robust, positive relationship between Openness and left-wing political orientation was obtained in Western Europe. However, in Eastern Europe, the relationship between Openness and political orientation was weaker, and reversed in three out of four waves. Moreover, Openness yielded significant positive relationships with unconventional activism and to a lesser degree with conventional activism. The magnitude of the relationship between Openness and activism was dependent on political orientation and region. Stronger associations between Openness and activism were found for those having a left-wing orientation in Western Europe, whereas in Eastern Europe, Openness was somewhat stronger related to activism for those having a right-wing orientation. In the discussion we elaborate on the role of the geo-political context in the relationship between Openness and political variables.

Volume: 96

Issue: 1

From page no: 53

To page no: 63

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1080/00223891.2013.809354

Journal: Journal of Personality Assessment

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