English title: Of what cloth are the ties that bind? National identity and support for the welfare state across 29 European countries

Author(s): Matthew Wright - Tim Reeskens -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2013

Abstract

An oft-made claim is that national identity (NI) can function as social glue underpinning public support for the welfare state by encouraging the identification with co-nationals essential for redistribution. Empirical tests have largely ignored the possibility that the relationship depends on the kind of NI people hold, that various dimensions of welfare support are shaped by NI differently, and that these relationships depend on demographic context. Analyzing the European Values Study's 2008 wave, we find ample evidence that these distinctions matter: ethnic conceptions of NI are linked to general welfare state support, whereas civic and cultural ones are not. Moreover, all three national self-conceptions induce welfare chauvinism against immigrants, albeit to varying degrees, an effect that strengthens as immigrant diversity increases. Ultimately, we find nothing to suggest that NI can sustain public support for redistribution in an ever-diversifying age, and much to the contrary.

Volume: 20

Issue: 10

From page no: 1443

To page no: 1463

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1080/13501763.2013.800796

Journal: Journal of European Public Policy