English title: How the religious context affects the relationship between religiosity and attitudes towards immigration

Author(s): Andrea Bohman - Mikael Hjerm -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2013

Abstract

This article approaches two shortcomings in previous research on religiosity and prejudice: (1) the lack of cross-country comparative studies; and (2) a failure to consider any moderating effects of religious contexts. We examine whether the relationship between religiosity and anti-immigration attitudes varies depending on religious contexts in Europe, and we find two things. First, strongly religious people are on average less likely to oppose immigration than non-religious people. Second, different religious contexts moderate the religiosity–attitude relationship in that religious people in Protestant countries and in countries with a low proportion of majority adherents are more tolerant than religious people in Catholic countries and in religiously homogenous countries. State policies also matter in that religious people are more negative where the government favours the majority religion. This calls into question the taken-for-granted understanding of religiosity and out-group attitudes found in the USA.

Volume: 37

Issue: 6

From page no: 937

To page no: 957

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2012.748210

Journal: Ethnic and Racial Studies

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