Verteilung des sozialen Kapitals. Eine makrosoziologische Analyse des European Social Survey 2002 und 2004
English title: The Distribution of Social Capital in Societies. A Macro-level Analysis of the European Social Survey Data 2002 and 2004
Author(s): Monika Jungbauer-Gans - Christiane Gross -
Type: Journal article
How does the distribution of social capital differ in European countries which participated in the European Social Survey 2002/03 and 2004/05? An index of social trust and the rate of membership in at least one civil association are used for operationalizing social capital. We do not only analyze which country characteristics correlate with high average measures of social capital at the macro-level of countries, but in addition we investigate which of these factors are correlated with high inequality in the distribution of social capital. Theoretical reasons are brought forth to explain the possible effects of these characteristics on unequally distributed social capital and of feed-back effects of social capital on these country characteristics respec-tively. It can be shown that high levels of income and education, low inequality of income and high levels of health expenditures and democracy correlate with high values of social trust and high proportions of membership in at least one civil organization. Distinctive inequalities of social capital can be found in countries with low levels of expenditures for education, low democratization and a small ratio of working women in relation to working men. Whether single countries (outliers) significantly influence these results is examined.
From page no: 211
To page no: 240
Journal: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie