English title: Is it getting worse? Anti-immigrants attitudes in Europe during the 21th century
Author(s): Mikael -
Type: Book chapter
The authors show how attitudes to immigration have not become more negative during the past decade, despite what one might be led to believe given the attention given to the electoral successes of anti-immigration, populist par- ties. They begin by reviewing the factors influencing people’s attitudes and focus on »group threat theory«. According to this theory, negative attitudes to immigration occur when people feel threatened by immigrants, for example on an economic or cultural basis. On a contextual level, whether immigrants are perceived negatively also depend on how accepted prejudice is in society, while the size of the immigrant population has different effects in different contexts. On the individual level, higher levels of education, friendship with immigrants and a less authoritarian personality correlate with more positive attitudes to immigration. Hjerm and Bohman point out that because of increasing ethnic diversity and changing economic and political circumstances, negative attitudes to immigration should increase. Yet, as they show, this is not the case. By comparing different age cohorts, they argue that younger people tend to be more positive to immigration, but that demographic, economic and political circumstances cannot explain the reasons for this.
From page no: 41
To page no: 62
Anthology: European populism and winning the immigration debate