English title: Multiple-Group Factor Analysis Alignment

Author(s): Tihomir Asparouhov - Bengt Muthen -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2014

Abstract

This article presents a new method for multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), referred to as the alignment method. The alignment method can be used to estimate group-specific factor means and variances without requiring exact measurement invariance. A strength of the method is the ability to conveniently estimate models for many groups. The method is a valuable alternative to the currently used multiple-group CFA methods for studying measurement invariance that require multiple manual model adjustments guided by modification indexes. Multiple-group CFA is not practical with many groups due to poor model fit of the scalar model and too many large modification indexes. In contrast, the alignment method is based on the configural model and essentially automates and greatly simplifies measurement invariance analysis. The method also provides a detailed account of parameter invariance for every model parameter in every group.

Volume: 21

Issue: 4

From page no: 495

To page no: 508

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1080/10705511.2014.919210

Journal: Structural Equation Modeling