English title: The motivation and inhibition of breaking the rules: Personal values structures predict unethicality

Author(s): Gilad Feldman - Melody Manchi Chao - Jiing-Lih Farh - Anat Bardi -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2015

Abstract

We theorized and tested the relationship of personal value systems with unethical attitudes and behavior. Results from three studies using 16 diverse multi-national samples (N = 107,087) demonstrated the complexity of motivations underlying unethicality. Across contexts and cultures, for attitudes (Study 1 meta-analysis) and behaviors in the lab (Study 2) and in real-life (Study 3), we consistently found that the values theory circumplex structure predicted the inhibition and motivation of unethicality. Unethicality was positively associated with self-enhancement values and negatively associated with self-transcendence and conservation values. However, self-transcendence and conservation values were associated with the inhibition of different types of unethicality. The relationship of openness-to-change values with unethicality was generally positive but the effect size varied depending on context.

Volume: 59

Issue: 0

From page no: 69

To page no: 80

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1016/J.JRP.2015.09.003

Journal: journal of Research in Personality