English title: Perceptions of Unreported Economic Activities in Baltic Firms. Individualistic and Non-Individualistic Motives

Author(s): Jaanika Meriküll - Tairi Rõõm - Karsten Staehr -

Language: Estonian

Type: Report, working paper

Year: 2012


This paper analyses managerial dishonesty in the form of economic activity not reported to the authorities. We employ data from a survey of Baltic firm managers, who were asked to assess the prevalence of unreported profits, employment and wages in their industry and to give their views on a range of questions related to various reasons for dishonest behaviour. Unreported economic activities are perceived to be widespread, although their extent and composition vary across the three countries. We employ a principal component analysis of the survey answers and identify three clusters capturing both individualistic and nonindividualistic motives for dishonest behaviour: 1) reciprocity towards government; 2) rational choice related motives; and 3) norms towards society as proxied by the tolerance of illegal activities. The econometric analysis indicates that all three motives are related to perceptions of unreported activities in the Baltic countries.

Edition: 0

Institution: Eesti Pank

Number of pages: 55

Number: 8

Series: Eesti Pank Working Paper Series