English title: Should men have more rights…? Gender role-related attitudes before and during the 2008 crisis

Author(s): Ivett Szalma - Judit Takàcs -

Language: English

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2013

Abstract

In different types of European welfare states there are great differences regarding women’s labour market position, their fertility-related behaviour, and the division of housework. In the Nordic social democratic welfare states, gender equality is the most developed in comparison to the rest of Europe: labour force participation rates of women and men are nearly the same, and the difference between time devoted to housework by women and men is the smallest. According to previous research findings in present day Europe, gender inequalities regarding labour market participation and domestic division of labour are most widespread in the postsocialist countries. For example, in Hungary, Slovakia and the Check Republic mothers having children under 3 have the lowest maternal employment rates in the EU (OECD 2012). Our starting point is the assumption that European countries are characterized by different gender role attitudes and that these attitudes are developed not only at the individual level but also at the level of society.

From page no: 207

To page no: 233

Anthology: Retrenchment or renewal? Welfare states in times of economic crisis