English title: Analysis of the Hungarian labor market by deliberative methods
Author(s): Ivett Szalma - Bernadett Szél -
Type: Report, working paper
European welfare states are under increasing pressure from a number of directions. Population ageing and shifts in family patterns increase needs, while the pressures of globalization on national competitiveness restrict the capacity to finance expansive welfare policies. In comparison to other EU member states, Hungary is characterized by a low employment rate, high inactivity and moderate unemployment. Hungary is a post-socialist country in which the capitalist regime has been around for almost 20 years. As Dahrendorf (1994) elaborated upon this, different spheres pass through the transition phase with different speeds: while the fundamentals and institutions of political democracy can, in principle, be enforced in six months, and transition to the market economy can be carried out in six years, the (re)emergence of the values and norms takes a whole generation (60 years). It is a question whether the heritage of the socialist regime is still vivid in Hungary, in addition to whether people expect the government to take care of them in several aspects or whether they are ready to take care of themselves and have lower expectations of the state. It is another question what other European, non-postsocialist countries think about the role of the state and what connections can be detected between current expectations and a nation’s past.
Institution: Friedrich Schiller University
Number of pages: 45
Series: Sonderforschungsbereich 580