Chancen und Herausforderungen des demografischen Wandels
English title: Chances and Challenges of demografic change
Author(s): Baldo Blinkert -
Type: Book (monograph)
The objective of the EU-sponsored project “TooLS - Tools for developing comparable local surveys” is to provide European municipalities with comparable information that is essential to cope with demographic change. The five project partners have taken on the following tasks. The KOSIS association DUVA contributes its information management system to the project, with which data can be collected, documented, and evaluated in a user-controlled manner via the Internet. The Institute of Sociology of the University of Freiburg with its associate, the Freiburger Institut für angewandte Sozialwissenschaft (FIFAS; Freiburg Institute for Applied Social Science), has organised and analysed comparative urban citizens’ surveys. The KOSIS association Urban Audit provides the relevant European statistical basic data for the project and develops approaches for an administration and service provider survey. The statistical offices of the cities of Amsterdam and Helsinki ensure the anchoring of the project in the participating European countries, the Netherlands, and Finland. In the three participating European countries, a total of 13 municipalities have joined together in a network of cities, which serves as the organisational backbone of the project and will form the core of a later expanding infrastructure for comparative municipal surveys. In content, the project initially focuses on the 50-plus generation and examines how the opportunities associated with demographic change are utilised at the municipal level and how to meet the challenges they pose. The opportunities consist in that the people are fit, healthy, and productive for a longer time and have the opportunity for “active ageing”. The challenges are the increasing proportion and number of those who, inter alia, by depending on care, avail themselves of the healthcare system and social benefits. ESS-Data was used to compare results at the local level with regional results. The results show that life plans focused on “active ageing” are variously distributed in the TooLS survey locations as well as in the EU countries overall. Thus, for example, the Netherlands has significantly higher rates than Germany or even Romania and Hungary. But there are also differences within countries. For instance, Amsterdam has a clearly more active 50-plus generation than the neighbouring city of Almere. The situation of people requiring care can be studied with TooLS from different aspects. Thus, three types of care culture can be differentiated. A preference for care by the family is prevalent in countries such as Poland or Bulgaria. The Dutch, Finns or Danes want to be provided with care primarily through infrastructure and services. And a mixed type consisting of outpatient care and professional support is preferred in countries such as Germany and the UK. The TooLS survey locations reflect the tendency of the results in each country. At the end of the TooLS project, the European municipalities have an information system that can help them to respond better to the opportunities and challenges associated with demographic changes. The European cities in the already existing network are keen to continue core areas of the project on their own. To ensure the project has a lasting impact, it would be necessary to expand and establish a continuous monitoring of the network of cities.
Number of pages: 288