Inimeste karistuslikud hoiakud

English title: Punitive attitudes towards criminals

Author(s): Marliis Kuri -

Language: Estonian

Type: Thesis / dissertation

Year: 2013

Abstract

For the economic and social well-being it is necessary to have effective criminal justice policies. Criminal justice policy is effective only when people obey to it and because of that it is very important to analyse the overall attitudes in society, so that the government could take into account the opinion of the residents. One very important part of the criminal justice policy is the punishments. The aim of current thesis is to analyse the punitive attitudes of people. The analysis of punitive attitudes is based on the information received in European Social Survey (ESS) 2010-2011 from Estonia and the focus is on nine factors that the author believes could influence people’s opinion towards punishments: fear of crime, victimization, gender, age, citizenship, native language, education, economic well-being and the type of settlement. The aim of the thesis is to examine which of these factors has an influence to punitive attitudes. A hypothesis is that people want punishments to be stricter. Another hypothesis is that the punitive attitudes depend on how much people trust courts. It can be concluded that the tree factors that have the biggest influence on people’s punitive attitudes are fear of crime, age and education. Two factors that did not have any outstanding effects on punitive attitudes were gender and victimisation. The results also show that there was a connection between how much people trust courts and how punitive they think courts are.

Type/degree:

Awarding institution: University of Tartu

Number of pages: 81

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