Inimeste õiguskuulekus

English title: People’s law-abidingness

Author(s): Andrea Lega -

Language: Estonian

Type: Thesis / dissertation

Year: 2013

Abstract

Current paper formulates two main research questions. Firstly, whether and when legal authorities can influence the process of complying with the law, or are they merely coercive institutions? Secondly, what affects people’s law abidingness? Answers to the questions above were found using the data provided by 2010-2011 European Social Survey (ESS) criminal law panel and on the basis of the analysis of earlier studies conducted on similar issues. People's law-abidingness was assessed by the violations committed, as well as by their perception to a particular offense. Respondents to the ESS survey were presented a variety of issues related to insurance frauds, traffic offenses and handling stolen items. They were distinguished by gender, language, nationality, age, place of residence, income, education and occupation. In sum, the law-abiding citizen of Estonia is an older female, native speaker of the Estonian language, secondarily or vocationally educated, lives in a smaller village, and whose income is below the average. Improving the overall law-abidingness the author recommends focusing on young male aliens, as they are the least law-abiding society group.

Type/degree:

Awarding institution: University of Tartu

Number of pages: 74

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