English title: Basic Human Values in Estonia 2004–2008: Change and Particularities.

Author(s): L. Lilleoja -

Language: English

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2012


The research is based on the values theory of Shalom Schwartz that is focused on the basic values on individual and cultural level. Most of the data has been obtained from the results of the second, third and fourth round of The European Social Survey that was conducted in Estonia in 2004, 2006 and 2008. Altogether the responses of 5167 respondents have been used. In Estonian society the most important factors that have impact on values are age, nationality and gender. Minor influence has also education, belonging to the national minority group and religion. Estonian development toward the post-modern society is hindered mainly by the ethnic difference based on the basic values. This is a destabilizing factor of the general functioning of the Estonian state. The judgements of the Estonians are coming closer to the Scandinavian people, but non-Estonians remain closer to the people in Russia.

From page no: 405

To page no: 422

Anthology: Values, Stratification, Transformation

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