Социальные особенности здоровья в Европе и России: Влияние индивидуальных и контекстуальных факторов

English title: Health Inequalities in Europe and Russia: An Analysis of Individual and Contextual Factors

Author(s): Nina Rusinova - Viacheslav Safronov -

Language: Russian

Type: Journal article

Year: 2013


The paper deals with the problem of social and demographic differences in health in the European countries and dependence of these differences on the societal context - country’s economic development, public expenses on health and corruption. The European Social Survey data (Round 4, 2008-2009) and World Bank statistics has been analyzed using statistical methods of two-level logistic modeling. The dependant variable is dichotomized indicator of self-assessed health (“very good” and “good” vs. “fair”, “bad” and “very bad”). In any part of Europe, according to the results, there are clear social inequalities in health - unhealthy people more likely come from the lower social strata. The study also found the significant positive link of health to societal context: higher level of economic development and public expenses, and lower corruption are conducive to countries’ better health status. This is due to diminishing gap in health of the older and younger people: societal development contributes to the maintenance of good health of the older cohorts. Health inequalities between men and women almost disappear in the most developed countries as compared to the less developed ones.

Volume: 99

Issue: 3

From page no: 16

To page no: 32



Journal: Телескоп: журнал социологических и маркетинговых исследований