Using Social Networks Methods to Measure Changes in Value Systems in Cross-Cultural Perspective: the Case of Nordic-Baltic Relationship in 1991-2002

English title: Using Social Networks Methods to Measure Changes in Value Systems in Cross-Cultural Perspective: the Case of Nordic-Baltic Relationship in 1991-2002

Author(s): I. Tart -

Language: English

Type: Conference paper/poster

Year: 2004

Abstract

In different cultural communities values and their systems are measured by survey instruments like Rokeach or Schwartz value surveys, World/European Value Survey (1990, 1996, 2000) or European Social Survey (2003) questionnaires. I propose to analyse these results using methodology and software of the social networks analysis framework (Stephen P. Borgatti , Martin G. Everett. Network analysis of 2-mode data. Social Networks 19 (1997) 243-269). This makes possible to dive into the data matrices of relations instead of the attributes, even allow to convert individual variables into relational (adjacency) matrices. Its strong part is good visualization of the results. More problematical is choosing of the partition threshold. Several possible constructs based on correlation and shared value amount matrices of data are used and visualized by Ucinet program. Additionally are used clustering and multidimensional scaling techniques as well as CONCOR facility. An empirical research is based on Balticom Program results from 1991 and 1995, Finnish national value research and more recent surveys in Estonia and Sweden. Used data are adjusted to 25-item Rokeach value scale consisting mostly of terminal values. A special analyses of constellations of values equality and freedom was done. The research reveals quite stable value systems for Swedes and Finns and rapid change in Estonians community while other Baltic nations and Russians in Estonia are keeping more their older value orders. It may be explained in the context of axial moments approach (A. Szakolczai, L. Füstös 1998. “Value Systems in Axial Moments”, European Sociological Review 14(3), 211-229) with Estonians turning back to the Swedish kind (axial) pre-1940 value system. Same technical frame may be used in analyzing other data sets of values in cross-cultural contexts.

Conference name: Sixth International Conference on Social Science Methodology

Location: Amsterdam

Start date: Aug 16, 2004

Type: Paper

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