English title: Union density and determinants of union membership in 18 EU countries: evidence from micro data, 2002/03

Author(s): Claus Schnabel - Joachim Wagner -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2007


Using representative individual-level data from the first round of the European Social Survey fielded in 2002/03, this article provides an empirical analysis of unionisation in 18 countries of the EU. We show that union density varies considerably in Europe, ranging from 84 per cent in Denmark to 11 per cent in Portugal. Estimating identical models for each country, we find that individuals’ probability of union membership is significantly affected by their personal characteristics, their attitudes and the characteristics of their workplace, whereas social factors seem to play a minor role. The presence of a union at the workplace and employees’ attitudes concerning strong unions are the two variables most strongly associated with unionisation.

Volume: 38

Issue: 1

From page no: 5

To page no: 32

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1111/J.1468-2338.2007.00433.X

Journal: Industrial relations journal

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