English title: Toward Refining the Theory of Basic Human Values

Author(s): Shalom H. Schwartz -

Language: English

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2012


The theory of basic human values (Schwartz, 1992) specifies 10 broad values that are ordered in a circular motivational structure. Methodological studies have tested the discriminant validity of the 10 values, their reliability, and the structure of relations among them (e.g., Davidov, Schmidt, & Schwartz, 2008; Knoppen & Saris, 2009; Perrinjaquet, Furrer, Usunier, Cestre, & Valette-Florence, 2007; Schwartz & Boehnke, 2004). In studies using multidimensional scaling, the items that operationalize each value typically form a separate region in a twodimensional space, and these regions are arrayed in a circular order that supports the theorized structure (e.g., Bilsky, Janik, & Schwartz, 2010; Schwartz, 1992, 2006). Studies using confirmatory factor analysis typically reveal that some values exhibit low internal reliability and that some pairs of adjacent values (e.g., power and achievement) cannot be discriminated clearly from one another (e.g., Davidov et al., 2008).

From page no: 39

To page no: 46

Anthology: Methods, Theories, and Empirical Applications in the Social Sciences

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