Analysis and relation between social variables and economic variables in the European Social Survey and World Bank and UNDP reports: the social capital and economic capital at the European Countries
English title: Analysis and relation between social variables and economic variables in the European Social Survey and World Bank and UNDP reports: the social capital and economic capital at the European Countries
Author(s): A.L. Díaz - J.S. Prados - J.A. Abela -
Type: Conference paper/poster
Our main goal is to confirm and to explore the hypothesis of the relation existing between the social capital and the economic capital or economic development of the countries. On one hand, we have highlighted three main components of the concept of social capital (participation in associations, civic and political engagement and interpersonal trust), from the definitions elaborated by different authors like Putnam, Coleman, Fukuyama, etc. We have analyzed the questionnaire of the European Social Survey and we have obtained three indicators for the study of the social capital in the different European countries: associations rate (percentage of population from one country that has taken part in at least one in the last 12 months), civic, social and political participation rate (percentage of population from one country that has carried out a civic or social action in the last 12 months) and level of interpersonal trust (arithmetic mean of 363 the following scales: "Most people can be trusted”, “most people try to take advantage of you” and “most of the time people helpful”). On the other hand, we have highlighted mainly two indicators utilized to measure and to rank the countries of the world regarding their economic development or economic capital, gross domestic product per capita PPP current international $ (GDP per capita, used by the World Bank) and the Human Development Index (HDI, created by the United Nations Development Programme). In the database of the World Development Indicators (2003) of the World Bank we can find more than 500 variables containing information of 208 countries of the world and, likewise, in the last Human Development Report of the UNDP (2003) we can also find hundreds of statistical and a dozen of indexes created ad hoc such as the gender-related development index (GDI), human poverty index (HPI), etc. of 175 countries including all the countries studied in the European Social Survey. The statistical treatment used to examine the relationships between the two groups of indicators, social capital and economic capital, was, firstly, to elaborate a description of all the social and economic variables of the countries; secondly, to obtain the correlation coefficient (r) and statistic of the regression (R-square) from the matrix of correlations of all the variables and from different linear regression models; finally, we carried out a series of Simple Scatter plots of the most important results.
Conference name: Sixth International Conference on Social Science Methodology
Start date: Aug 16, 2004