English title: Social capital, ‘Ghent’ and workplace contexts matter: Comparing union membership in Europe

Author(s): Bernhard Ebbinghaus - Claudia Göbel - Sebastian Koos -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2011


Union density still varies considerably across Europe. This cross-national diversity has inspired multiple explanations ranging from institutional to workplace or socio-demographic factors. In this comparative multilevel analysis, we combine personal, workplace and macro-institutional explanations of union membership using the European Social Survey. By controlling for individual factors, we test the cross-national effect of meso- and macro-level variables, in particular workplace representation, establishment size, Ghent unemployment insurance and a society’s social capital. We conclude that all these institutional and social contextual factors matter in explaining differences in union membership.

Volume: 17

Issue: 2

From page no: 107

To page no: 124

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1177/0959680111400894

Journal: European journal of industrial relations