English title: Legitimacy, Trust and Compliance: An Empirical Test of Procedural Justice Theory using the European Social Survey

Author(s): Mike Hough - Jonathan Jackson - Ben Bradford -

Language: English

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2013

Abstract

This chapter presents findings from a large-scale empirical test of procedural justice theory, which we (and colleagues) designed using the fifth European Social Survey. The chapter first of all locates concerns about institutional legitimacy within a broader framework of ‘compliance theories’. It then sets out its definitional stall in an attempt to clarify what is meant by the ‘slippery’ concept of legitimacy and how the term is used in different contexts. Then, in testing various hypotheses on procedural justice, we employ a tripartite definition of empirical (i.e. perceived) legitimacy. We define empirical legitimacy as the recognition and justification of the right to exercise power and influence, with influence mostly of the normative (rather than instrumental) variety, and importantly our tripartite notions of consent, moral alignment and legality accord with some well-established social psychological mechanisms of identification and internalisation.

From page no: 243

To page no: 265

Anthology: Legitimacy and Criminal Justice - An International Exploration