Contextual variables

The selection of variables is based one the recommendations in the report of the ESS Upgrade and Planning Group on Contextual Data: 'Conceptual and Statistical Issues in Multilevel Analysis'. We have also tried to find variables that could be relevant for the rotating modules in the ESS.

The regional variables are downloaded every second year. The variables downloaded in 2012, have been merged with the ESS4 and ESS5 survey data. The variables downloaded in 2014, have been merged with the ESS6. The variables downloaded in 2016, have been merged with the ESS7.

We will not update the regional variables already added to an ESS round.

If the datasources have corrected data, it is possible that the same variable will have different values in the data downloaded in 2012 compared to the data downloaded in 2014 or 2016.

The downloads may include different variables.


Number of variables in each download

Level 2012 2014 2016
Country 1 111 2 880 3 801
NUTS 1 467 758 837
NUTS 2 467 755 942
NUTS 3 141 245 381
Regions in Russia 26    
Israel1   247  

1 = Israel is one region. We have collected a number of variables "similar" to the EUROSTAT variables available for the other ESS-regions. In 2016, data for Israel is included in some of the country level variables.


Detailed overview of the variables available in each download

Please note that a variable, for example "Area", can be registered for each year. In this way, we may have more than 20 variables for one variable.

  1. Variables downloaded in 2012

  2. Variables downloaded in 2014

  3. Variables downloaded in 2016