The regional level in the ESS

Countries that is part of the NUTS nomenclature or Eurostat's statistical regions for EFTA and candidate countries, have a regional variable that is possible to map to the NUTS nomenclature. Some countries use NUTS 1, others NTUS 2 or 3. The data is therefore collected from different files. Countries not covered by the NUTS (Israel, Ukraine, Russia), use their own regional classification, and the resource contains very little data on these regions.

NUTS: Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics
NUTS is a geographical nomenclature subdividing the territory of the European Union (EU) into regions at three different levels (NUTS 1, 2 and 3, respectively, moving from larger to smaller territorial units). Above NUTS 1 is the 'national' level of the Member State. NUTS areas aim to provide a single and coherent territorial breakdown for the compilation of EU regional statistics.

Please note that there is more data available at the NUTS 1 level than at the NUTS 3 level.

Because the countries use different NUTS levels, you can identify regions using several variables:

  • ESSreg - The region variable used in the ESS (NUTS-mix).
  • NUTS 1 - The respondents from all countries covered by the NUTS nomenclature, will have a valid value on this variable.
  • NUTS 2 - Respondents from countries that use either NUTS 2 or NUTS 3 as their ESS regional variable, will have a valid value on this variable.
  • NUTS 3 - Only respondents from countries that use NUTS 3 as their regional variable, will have a valid value on this variable.

 

Regional level in the ESS data1

Country ESS4 ESS5 ESS6 ESS7
Albania     Region  
Austria       NUTS 2
Belgium NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Bulgaria NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3  
Croatia NUTS 2 NUTS 2    
Cyprus LAU NUTS 1 NUTS 1  
Czech Rep. NUTS 2 NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3
Denmark NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Estonia NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3
Finland NUTS 2 NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3
France NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Germany NUTS 1 NUTS 1 NUTS 1 NUTS 1
Greece NUTS 2 NUTS 2    
Hungary NUTS 2 NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3
Iceland     NUTS 3  
Ireland NUTS 2 NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3
Israel Region Region Region Region
Italy     NUTS 2  
Kosovo     Region  
Latvia NUTS 3      
Lithuania     NUTS 3 NUTS 3
Netherlands NUTS 3 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Norway NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Poland NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Portugal NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Romania NUTS 2      
Russia Region Region Region  
Slovakia NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3  
Slovenia NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3
Spain NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Sweden NUTS 2 NUTS 3 NUTS 3 NUTS 3
Switzerland NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2 NUTS 2
Turkey NUTS 1      
Ukraine Region Region Region  
United Kingdom NUTS 1 NUTS 1 NUTS 1 NUTS 1

1Click in the table to see the survey documentation. Please note that if a country uses NUTS 2 as it's regional variable, it is also possible to merge NUTS 1 data to the respondents.
Comments to ESS4:

  • Ireland: Three regions: Dublin (NUTS 3), Border, Midland and Western (NUTS 2), Southern and Eastern, excluding Dublin.
  • Cyprus: All of Cyprus is one NUTS 3 region, the LAU level in use divides Cyprus (Greek part) in nine regions.
  • France: One NUTS 1 region, BASSIN PARISIEN, is divided in two.
  • Greece: Six NUTS 2 regions have been merged to create three of the ten regions used in the ESS survey.